A review essay by Charles Kriel 

Prototype Politics: Technology-Intensive Campaigning and the Data of Democracy Daniel Kreiss. Oxford University Press, 2016 

HyperNormalisation Documentary film by Adam Curtis. BBC, 2016 

Emotions and Personality in Personalized Services: Models, Evaluation and Applications Marko Tkalčič et al (eds.). Springer, 2016 

Computational Propaganda Worldwide, Working Paper No. 2017/11 Samuel C. Wooley and Phillip N. Howard. Oxford Internet Institute website, 2017 

Keywords: fake news, Cambridge Analytica, social media, electoral analysis, psychographic influence, Brexit, strategic communication, strategic communications 

About the Author 

Dr Charles Kriel is the author of several books. He is Programme Director for Countering Violent Extremism at the UK’s Corsham Institute, and hosts the podcast Ci – Countering Violent Extremism.