A Review Essay by Paul Bell 

Don McCullin photographic retrospective Tate Britain, London 2019 

Keywords—strategic communications, CVE, resilience, narrative, development, influence, civil society 

About the Author 

Paul Bell is an independent strategic communications consultant who first focused on its application in conflict while a director of the South African commission overseeing the elections which brought Nelson Mandela to power. Since 2004 he has worked across the Middle East and North Africa, notably in Iraq following the US invasion, and today continues to consult and write. 

The views expressed in this article are entirely those of the author and do not purport to represent those of any organisation.