A Review Essay by M.R. Dahlan 

Truth Decay: An Initial Exploration of the Diminishing Role of Facts and Analysis in American Public Life Jennifer Kavanagh and Michael D. Rich. RAND Corporation, 2018 

Exploding Data: Reclaiming Our Cyber Security in the Digital Age Michael Chertoff. Atlantic Monthly Press, 2018 

LikeWar: The Weaponization of Social Media P.W. Singer and Emerson T. Brooking. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2018 

Keywords—Ethics, ethical, positive space, negative space, The Hijaz, digital, social media, digital battle spaces, weaponization data, AI, sharp power, truth, facts, disinformation, fake news, warfare, narrative, discourse, strategic communications, Truth Decay, RAND, Rich Kavanagh, Exploding Data, Chertoff, LikeWar, Singer, information 

About the Author 

Prof. Dr. Malik R. Dahlan is Senior Mediation Fellow at the Harvard University Davis Center Negotiation Task Force. He is Professor of International Law and Public Policy at Queen Mary University of London.