A Review Essay by James P. Farwell 

Ukraine and the Art of Strategy Lawrence Freedman. Oxford University Press, 2019 

This Is Not Propaganda: Adventures in the War Against Reality Peter Pomerantsev. Public Affairs, 2019 

KeywordsEuropean Union, hybrid warfare, information operations, information warfare, Internet Research Agency, Maidan, NATO, propaganda, Putin, Russia, social media, strategic communications, Ukraine 

About the Author 

James Farwell is a non-resident Senior Fellow at the Middle East Institute in Washington and an Associate Fellow at King’s Centre for Strategic Communications. He is the author of Persuasion & Power (2012), The Pakistan Cauldron (2011) and forthcoming Information Warfare.